Hiatal Hernia: Understanding its Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment LivGastro
Hiatal Hernia: Understanding its Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

Hiatal Hernia: Understanding its Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

Hiatal Hernia: Understanding its Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

People, mostly those over 50 years of age, often complain of heartburn, a sour or bitter taste and frequent instances of hiccuping. Are you one of them? If so, you may be suffering from Hiatal Hernia, a condition where the upper portion of the stomach bulges out through the diaphragm. The opening from which the stomach pushes out is called hiatus.

Normally, that aperture allows the food tube or the oesophagus to pass before it joins the stomach. In the case of a stomach hernia, it pushes the stomach through it and causes complications for people of both sexes. The risk heightens in obese people and smokers. You may or may not be any of them, yet it’s better to know A-Z about this condition to tackle recurrent heartburns, acid reflux and other discomforts. Read on to find out more about it.

How to Tell If You Are Undergoing Hiatal Hernia?

Most of the time, you will never know that you are suffering from hiatal hernia unless, of course, you feel the following:

• Fullness short after eating something
• Heartburn
• Shortness of breath
• Regurgitation of liquids or food into the mouth
• Chest or abdominal pain
• Black stool
• Swallowing difficulty
• Bloating and belching
• Bad breath

How Do Physicians Diagnose Hiatal Hernia?

It’s hard to tell about what spawns Hiatal hernia, but it’s usually caused by:
• Changes in diaphragm due to age
• An unusually large hiatus since birth
• Injuries or trauma after surgery
• Intense pressure on muscles around due to persistent coughing, lifting of heavy weights, vomiting, etc.

The cause could be any of the above-listed reasons, but the diagnosis is conducted with the following tests and procedures:

• Upper endoscopy – An endoscope (flexible tube comprising light and camera) is inserted down the throat to check for inflammation in the oesophagus and stomach.

• X-ray – It is done on the upper digestive system to determine the condition of the oesophagus, upper intestine and stomach.

• Oesophageal manometry – It’s a pressure study to measure the rhythmic muscle contractions of the oesophagus at the time of swallowing.

• pH test – A test intended to measure the level of acid in one’s oesophagus.

• Gastric emptying studies – The purpose of such studies is to examine the pace at which fast food leaves the stomach in patients undergoing vomiting and nausea.

How Can You Treat Hiatal Hernia?

The treatment method is similar to managing Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Changes in lifestyle, such as having limited portions of meals, quitting the habit of smoking, limiting the intake of fatty and fried foods, eating well before lying down and avoiding tight belts or body shapers are some ways you can tackle the signs and symptoms of hiatal hernia.
Always remember that as long as you are not experiencing any discomfort, you will not require any treatment. However, if you do encounter any of the signs discussed above, you may either need medications or surgery.

A doctor usually prescribes the following medications to treat heartburn and acid reflux:

• Medications, targeted at blocking acid production and healing the oesophagus
• Antacids to neutralise stomach acid
• Medications to lower acid production

If you still do not recover, your doctor may recommend surgery to relieve severe inflammation, prevent the narrowing down of the oesophagus and alleviate heartburn and acid reflux. It usually involves pulling the hiatal hernia back into its place of origin – the abdomen, sealing the diaphragm hole and fixing the valve at the bottom of your oesophagus. If the surgery is successful, you can breathe a sigh of relief in learning that you will no longer require the prescribed medicines or long-term treatments.

Postscript:

Why suffer silently when you can live a healthy life free from the worries of hiatal hernia through changing your lifestyle, trying out home remedies, or simply visiting a gastroenterology clinic in Kolkata for quick diagnosis and treatments? Spot the symptoms, cope with this common condition and improve your quality of life!

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Shiv kumar Thakur
Shiv kumar Thakur
2022-01-09
Dr. Vijay rai is the best doctor.
PRANAB BARIK
PRANAB BARIK
2022-01-09
Dr, rai is the best person , the best place to visit,
Prabir Das
Prabir Das
2022-01-09
Dr Rai is the best doctor we have come across but reception staffs is poor,
saurwita brahma
saurwita brahma
2021-12-31
Good place. Safe and secured. Good treatment. Doctor is deft and experienced. All other staff are cooperative and supportive
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Prodip kumar Majumder
2021-12-30
Satisfied
Sanjiv Singh
Sanjiv Singh
2021-12-30
Very good clinic for all stomach issues under the supervision of one of the best doctor and excellent staff
Rajeev Singh
Rajeev Singh
2021-12-29
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THERESA MENDES
THERESA MENDES
2021-12-26
To those of you who may have a gastric issue and want a masterclass Gastroenterologist who builds excellent rapport with his patients, you could do well to meet Dr Vijay Kumar Rai of Liv-Gastro. Dr Vijay Kr Rai is hands down one of Kolkata’s best Gastroenterologists. His presentation of self, decorum, services and treatment processes are definitely top notch. Undoubtedly he represents one of the best health care professionals in his field. Dr. Vijay Kr. Rai’s newest venture Liv-Gastro is testimony of his hard work, grit, innovative ideas and determination to bring the best into his arena of practice; in order to achieve maximum treatment options thereby leading to positive outcomes. He has worked relentlessly with steadfast intent and passion to build and expand on his ideas and Liv Gastro is evidence of all that and more. A tour of the campus and floors reveal pristine, cheerful, brightly lit, consultation rooms, diagnostic laboratories, examination rooms, Dr’s clinics, waiting rooms and reception. The warm decor where detailed attention has been given to ensure a patient friendly ambience and the kind, courteous and graceful staff all add to a cheerful exuberance. Some of the services offered are: 1.Day care 2. ERCP 3.EUS 4.Capsule Endoscopy 5. Manometry 6. Fibroscan Dr Vijay Kumar Rai is a very supportive Dr who takes his patients seriously putting their needs first. He has a well rounded knowledge and expertise in his area of practice and inspires confidence. As a patient I was always sure of quality management of my condition and his ability to zero in on the problem is truly amazing. His persistence in dealing with my health issues has been accurate and he has seen me right through to recovery refusing to give in. I could not ask for more. It’s great to find a Dr who combines care and concern along with the prescription which always leaves one with a “feel good”feeling. I do not hesitate to recommend Dr. Vijay Kumar Rai and the team at Liv Gastro to friends and wider circles.

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