Ultimate Guide to Colitis: Types, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Ultimate Guide to Colitis: Types, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Ultimate Guide to Colitis: Types, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Do you often complain of bloating and diarrhoea? Have discomforts and pain in your abdomen become commonplace? Chances are you are suffering from colitis. It is the inflammation of your large intestine or colon, as many people recognise. However, understanding if it is colitis for real requires understanding its various types, symptoms, causes and treatment. So, without further ado, let’s begin.

Types of Colitis and their Causes

Colitis is of various types and is provoked due to many causes. While it’s easy to treat some, for instance, those occurring from a bacterial infection like food poisoning, others are serious and take a lot of time to go away. Beware of the severe cases! They may pose a threat to your colon and affect your quality of life. Let us take a look at each of them and examine their causes.

1. Pseudomembranous colitis (PC)

PC is triggered when the C. difficile overgrows and the ‘good’ bacteria fails to balance it. Consequently, C. diff takes over, releases toxins and causes inflammation.

2. Microscopic colitis

It is mostly people aged 50 and above, smokers and those who have suffered from an autoimmune disease who are diagnosed with microscopic colitis. The medical condition causes abdominal bloating, pain and chronic watery diarrhoea.

3. Ulcerative colitis (UC)

It is the most common type of colitis, where patients have to put up with bleeding ulcers and inflammation. The disease occurs in the rectum but gradually spreads to the colon. UC happens when the bacteria in the digestive tract causes the immune system to overreact.

4. Ischemic colitis (IC)

It is usually blood clots that trigger IC. As the blood flow is cut off to the colon, blockage occurs. The condition recurs when fatty deposits build up in blood vessels. People having underlying conditions like diabetes, trauma or injury, blockage, colon cancer and a history of dehydration and heart failure develop IC more often.

Symptoms of Colitis

It can be any of the following:

• Fever and chills
• Abdominal pain
• Diarrhoea
• Bloating in the abdomen
• Vomiting
• Unexpected weight loss
• Presence of blood in stool

Diagnosis of Colitis

When you visit a doctor, the physician may enquire about the frequency of symptoms and when they first occurred followed by a thorough physical examination. The medical practitioner may also prescribe diagnostic tests and a few to name would be –

• Ultrasound
• Stool samples
• Colonoscopy
• Abdominal imaging like CT scans or MRI
• Sigmoidoscopy
• Barium enema or an X-ray of the colon

Treatment of Colitis

The treatment of this medical condition depends a lot on the type and causes. It mostly includes:
• Diet – A wholesome diet low in fibre and easy to digest cures acute colitis. Avoiding certain foods that cause colitis flare-ups is also a great way to tackle the medical condition.
• Surgery – Surgery is prescribed to people diagnosed with IBD, necrotising enterocolitis and ischemic colitis. However, it may or may not cure the conditions. It can only stop bleeding, remove a blockage or repair a perforation.
• Medications – Medications like immune system suppressors, antibiotics, antidiarrheal drugs, pain killers and antispasmodic drugs can help manage colitis symptoms.

Postscript:

Detection is critical for recovery from colitis. Early diagnosis can curb serious complications. Therefore, whenever you are not feeling well and believe it has something to do with your stomach, talk to a doctor.

Related

Gallstone: Type, Symptom, Diagnosis & Treatment

Gallstone: Type, Symptom, Diagnosis & Treatment

Clinically speaking, gallstones are not stones such as rocks or minerals but stone-like

read more
Hiatal Hernia: Understanding its Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

Hiatal Hernia: Understanding its Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

Hiatal Hernia: Understanding its Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment People, mostly those o

read more
Gastroenterologist or Gastrologist: Mistakes That People Do In Kolkata

Gastroenterologist or Gastrologist: Mistakes That People Do In Kolkata

Overview The human digestive tract is made up of quite a few organs or parts comprising

read more

INSTA UPDATE @LIVGASTRO

Based on 43 reviews
Shiv kumar Thakur
Shiv kumar Thakur
2022-01-09
Dr. Vijay rai is the best doctor.
PRANAB BARIK
PRANAB BARIK
2022-01-09
Dr, rai is the best person , the best place to visit,
Prabir Das
Prabir Das
2022-01-09
Dr Rai is the best doctor we have come across but reception staffs is poor,
saurwita brahma
saurwita brahma
2021-12-31
Good place. Safe and secured. Good treatment. Doctor is deft and experienced. All other staff are cooperative and supportive
Prodip kumar Majumder
Prodip kumar Majumder
2021-12-30
Satisfied
Sanjiv Singh
Sanjiv Singh
2021-12-30
Very good clinic for all stomach issues under the supervision of one of the best doctor and excellent staff
Rajeev Singh
Rajeev Singh
2021-12-29
Visiting a clinic is not a good feeling but thanks to Dr Vijay Rai and Monica Rai mai it is a releiving experience due to satisfactory treatment and awesome service, kudos to Live Gastro and blessings
THERESA MENDES
THERESA MENDES
2021-12-26
To those of you who may have a gastric issue and want a masterclass Gastroenterologist who builds excellent rapport with his patients, you could do well to meet Dr Vijay Kumar Rai of Liv-Gastro. Dr Vijay Kr Rai is hands down one of Kolkata’s best Gastroenterologists. His presentation of self, decorum, services and treatment processes are definitely top notch. Undoubtedly he represents one of the best health care professionals in his field. Dr. Vijay Kr. Rai’s newest venture Liv-Gastro is testimony of his hard work, grit, innovative ideas and determination to bring the best into his arena of practice; in order to achieve maximum treatment options thereby leading to positive outcomes. He has worked relentlessly with steadfast intent and passion to build and expand on his ideas and Liv Gastro is evidence of all that and more. A tour of the campus and floors reveal pristine, cheerful, brightly lit, consultation rooms, diagnostic laboratories, examination rooms, Dr’s clinics, waiting rooms and reception. The warm decor where detailed attention has been given to ensure a patient friendly ambience and the kind, courteous and graceful staff all add to a cheerful exuberance. Some of the services offered are: 1.Day care 2. ERCP 3.EUS 4.Capsule Endoscopy 5. Manometry 6. Fibroscan Dr Vijay Kumar Rai is a very supportive Dr who takes his patients seriously putting their needs first. He has a well rounded knowledge and expertise in his area of practice and inspires confidence. As a patient I was always sure of quality management of my condition and his ability to zero in on the problem is truly amazing. His persistence in dealing with my health issues has been accurate and he has seen me right through to recovery refusing to give in. I could not ask for more. It’s great to find a Dr who combines care and concern along with the prescription which always leaves one with a “feel good”feeling. I do not hesitate to recommend Dr. Vijay Kumar Rai and the team at Liv Gastro to friends and wider circles.