Fatty Liver, as the name suggests, is the excessive build-up of fat in a liver of about 5-10% of the liver’s weight. Most of the time, it’s not a serious concern, but in some cases, it is something to fret about as it leads to liver damage.
It starts with inflammation, causing the tissues to damage. The medical term for this first stage is steatohepatitis. In the second stage, scar tissues begin to form, which in turn, damages the liver. Doctors call it fibrosis.
In the third and final stage, the healthy tissues get replaced by extensive scar tissues. This is when cirrhosis of the liver occurs. It is a final blow to the liver; whereby liver functioning starts slowing down. Sooner or later, the liver function gets blocked entirely. According to Cleveland Clinic, this cirrhosis transpires into live cancer or liver failure in patients.
Do you now get why fatty liver disease is a thing to panic about?
Fatty liver disease is of two primary forms:
The symptoms of fatty liver are often silent unless the disease progresses to liver cirrhosis. The signs to watch out for are:
If you ever feel any of the symptoms above, be prompt and book an appointment with a hepatologist for diagnostic services. The next section covers the liver function tests or diagnosis a doctor may order.
Fatty liver silently creeps in, and for a layperson, it is challenging to spot the same. However, a doctor can easily determine the condition by noticing the elevation in liver enzymes from blood tests done for other ailments. To map the liver injury, a doctor often orders the tests mentioned below:
Unfortunately, there is no medication for treating fatty liver disease. Doctors primarily advise altering lifestyles to improve health conditions. Therefore, the treatment mostly comprises the following:
If you have not been hit by fatty liver disease, you can do the following to maintain your overall health:
Yes, you read it right. It can be either through a weight loss program or by avoiding alcohol. A Mediterranean diet, where one needs to consume lots of vegetables, fruits, and good fats, can lead to steady weight loss. So, if you are living with the ailment, don’t worry! Just make sure it never progresses into liver cirrhosis, and even if it does, go for immediate treatment to prevent liver failure or cancer.
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